Forts and Castles in Ghana

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  • danish-colonial-fort-fort-christiansborg-now-osu-castle-accra-ghana-BGKD73
  • elmina-castle
  • Fort-Amsterdam1
  • Fort-Amsterdam2
  • Fort-Appollonia-1
  • Fort-Appollonia
  • Fort-Metal-cross
  • Fort-Prizenstein2

Attraction Category: See Ghana, Forts & Castles, and HeritageAttraction Tags: africa, cape coast, castles, coast, dungeon, elmina, forts, forts and castles, forts and castles in ghana, ghana, Gold coast, heritage, Slave, tour west africa, and west africa

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  • The castles and forts were built and occupied at different times by traders from Portugal, Spain, Denmark, Sweden, Holland, Germany and Britain. They served the gold trade of European chartered companies. Latterly they played a significant part in the developing slave trade, and therefore in the history of the Americas, and, subsequently, in the 19th century, in the suppression of that trade.

    There are 28 separate properties on the list, including three castles; fifteen forts; four forts partially in ruins; four ruins with visible structures; and two sites with traces of former fortifications. The UNESCO has documented 32 forts and castles along Ghana’s coast as World Heritage Sites. “These edifices testify to the once flourishing trade between the indigenous African people and the European trading companies of Portugal, the Netherlands, Denmark, England, France, Sweden, and Brandenburg of German Prussia. The history of Ghana’s government administration, judiciary, religion, health care, and even its architecture has its roots at these ancient relics.” – (Ephson, Dr. Isaac S., Ancient Forts and Castles of the Gold Coast (Ghana), Ilen Publications, Accra 1970, page 13.)

    According to the National Monuments Instrument, EI 42, 1972, the following forts and castles are considered National Monuments:

    1. Fort Apollonia at Beyin
    2. Fort St. Anthony at Axim
    3. Fort Gross Friedricksburg at Princestown
    4. Fort Dorothea at Akwida
    5. Fort Metal Cross at Dixcove
    6. Fort Batenstein at Butre
    7. Fort Orange at Sekondi
    8. Fort St. Sebastian at Shama



    1. The Fort at British Komenda
    2. Fort Vendenburg, Dutch Komenda
    3. Castle of St. George’s, Elmina
    4. Fort St. Jago at Elmina
    5. Cape Coast Castle
    6. Fort Victoria at Cape Coast
    7. Fort Royal at Cape Coast
    8. Fort William at Cape Coast
    9. Fort McCarthy at Cape Coast
    10. Fort Fredericksburg at Amanful
    11. Fort Nassau at Mouri
    12. Fort William at Anomabu
    13. The Little Fort at Anomabu
    14. Fort Amsterdam at Abandzi
    15. The Fort at Tantumquery
    16. Fort Patience at Apam
    17. Fort Good Hope at Senya Beraku


    1. James Fort at Jamestown, Accra
    2. Ussher Fort, Ussher Town, Accra
    3. Christiansborg Castle at Osu, Accra
    4. Fort Augustaborg at Teshie
    5. Fort Vernon, Prampram
    6. Fort Fredensborg at Old Ningo


    1. Fort Prinzensten at Keta


    1. The Fort at Kumasi.


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